What is Competency Based Curriculum (CBC) in Kenya? (Detailed Illustration)

In simple terms, the Kenyan Competency based Curriculum (CBC) is a new system of education designed by the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development (KICD) team and launched by the ministry of education in 2017. The CBC is designed to emphasize the significance of developing skills and knowledge and also applying those competencies to real life situations.

understanding Competency Based Curriculum (CBC) in Kenya all grades
understanding Competency Based Curriculum (CBC) in Kenya all grades/Photo

7 Core competencies of CBC

The creators of the competency based curriculum envision that at the end of the learning period, ever learner should have achieved the following competences

  1. Communication and collaboration
  2. Critical thinking and problem solving
  3. Imagination and creativity
  4. Citizenship
  5. Learning to learn
  6. Self-efficacy
  7. Digital literacy

CBC life values

At the end of the learning period the learner should have been molded to have the following values’;

  • Love
  • Responsibility
  • Respect
  • Unity
  • Peace
  • Patriotism
  • Integrity

Levels of competency-based curriculum

CBC is divided into three levels as illustrated in the figure below

  • Early Years Education
  • Middle School Education
  • enior School

What is different in the new curriculum?

  • Class are now called Grade.
  • ECD has two levels only (Pre-Primary 1 and 2) that is PP1 and PP2
  • Subject areas are now reoffered to as learning areas.
  • Topics/sub-topics are now known as strands/sub-strands.
  • learning outcomes is the new term that replaces lesson objectives.
  • learning resources are used instead of teaching aids.


Infographic illustrating the competency based curriculum

Infographic illustration of the competency Based Curriculum (CBC) in Kenya
Infographic illustration of the competency Based Curriculum (CBC) in Kenya/Photo

Information in the above illustration was obtained from: Details of 2-6-6-3 curriculum design

NOTE: The above image can be visible clearly on a computer. If you are viewing it on your mobile phone just download and expand it.

CBC Schemes of work, lesson plans and notes

For CBC schemes of work, lesson plans and notes visit: Muthurwa Marketplace

You can also read  Amina Mohamed on postponement of competency based curriculum (CBC) implementation (statement)

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  • One comment

    1. My daughter joined grade one and the class was given a midterm test and the pupils ranked and the list placed on the schools notice board. Is this a good approach to CBC?

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