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What are the ways in which open cast mining affects the environment?

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Ways in which open cast mining affects environment include;

  • Leaves behind ugly open craters/derelict landscape
  • It causes air, water, noise pollution
  • It leads to soil erosion
  • Dumping of rock waste litters the surface/land pollution
  • Water collects in the open craters forming breeding grounds for mosquitoes/pests
  • Destruction of biodiversity (plants and animals)