Stages of HIV/AIDS
The human immunodeficiency virus HIV/ acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is among those diseases that cause the highest deaths in the globe. It is mostly transmitted through sexual intercourse.
There are different stages of HIV that a counselor should know. The first stage is the awakening stage, which involves emotional shock. At this stage, the victim notices for the first time that she is HIV positive. The type of counseling needed at this stage is emotional counseling (Stages of HIV infection ).
The second stage is the denial stage. At this stage, the victim does not accept that she is HIV positive. She takes it lightly and engages in sex without prevention. This is the stages that most HIV victims infect other people. At this stage, the counselor should be able to make the victim believe that she is actually HIV positive and advise her to take preventive measures in order to reduce the spread of the disease (Stages of HIV infection).
The 3rd stage is the aggression. At this stage, the victim feels angry at the person who infected her. The victim might want to go out and infect other people so that she does not remain alone. This is the stage at which one partner infects the other partner so that she does not remain unaccompanied (Stages of HIV infection 1). The counselor should be able to identify these tendencies.
Then again, victims may loose hope in long term life planning in the 3rd stage. Parents who are infected stop taking care of their children. The counselor should thus meet the children and narrate to them the condition of their parents so that they do not feel denied. The children should be encouraged to work hard and support their parents.
Additionally, at the 3rd stage, the victim may be angry to God. She might feel that God is punishing her. The victim might thus show signs of aggressive behaviors towards God. Psychoanalysts note that, at this stage a counselor should be able to show the victim that God loves her, and it was not his wish to see her suffering. The counselor should make the infected person do away with the feeling that being HIV positive is a punishment from God (Stages of HIV infection).
Other stages include the negotiation stage, the depressive stage and the acceptance stage. These stages form the cycle of HIV. A counselor should be able to know all these stages because every stage has its own unique way of treating. However, the counselor should be able to know or identify that not all HIV positive victims undergo these seven stages (Stages of HIV infection 1).
The counselor should be in position to tell the victim that HIV has different stages, and they do not work the same in everybody. The way in which an HIV victim handles herself while in each stages will determine her survival rates. The counselor should advice the infected person on the type medication to be taken in each stage.