The Mughal Empire
The Mughal Empire was established when Babur, attacked regions of northern India and defeated Lodhi Ibrahim the leader of Delhi in 1526. Thereafter, Mughal succeeded Delhi as the governor of northern India.
Mughal Babur descended from Timur where his father lived and Genghis Khan which was the side inhabitant of his mother. He completed his invasion of northern India in 1526 where he defeated the Delhi Sultan as explained earlie. Babur was a refugee from the violent imperial fights in central Asia. His warlords and uncle had frequently denied him a chance to rule the Silk Road cities, his birth right.
Mughal was in a position to found a base in Kabul however; he turned south to conquer the Indian subcontinents. He named his dynasty as Timurid but it is commonly identified by many people as the Mughal Dynasty.
Though Babur was a Muslim, he learned the reading of the Quran in a manner that was not understood. He liked feasts, and could heavily drink and smoke hashish. His tolerant and flexible religious outlook was reflected in his grandson’s traits, Akbar the Great. Babur died in 1530 while at the age of 47. Thereafter, his eldest son Humayan struggled to take the emperor. After nine years of his death, Babur’s body was taken to Kabul for burial.
The Mughal painting originated from Persian miniature painting. The paintings were mostly available in the court of Indians, Mughal dynasty, Hindu, as well as Muslim. The art of painting emerged as a combination of Indian as well as Persian concepts. Originally painting was done as a Muslim tradition before the Mughals overthrew them. Though the original existing scripts were from Mandu, there seem to be earlier ones which have not been traced. In the course of time, Mughal arts took a greater interest in convincing portraiture compared to the archetypal of Persian miniatures.
Even up to date the Mughal paintings are made by artists in Jaipur. Some are modification of the ancient paintings while others are replica of the ancient paintings. The autistics of painting are passed from generation to generation. On the other hand, the art of painting has also been introduced in learning institutions to preserve the culture.
Aurangzeb is one of the most contentious leaders in the history of India. He is remembered as one of the most stringent rulers in India. Some of the accusations that he faced include persecution of Sikhs and Hindus, destruction of temples, and abolition of all kinds of religious freedoms.
During his reign, Aurangzeb banned the tradition of widow burning on the dead husband’s funeral pyre. An act considered as praise worthy because it forbid an oppressive belief. However, this interfered with the Hindu laws. On other hand, he abolished the Hindu Jaharoka Darshan practice that involved addressing of masses every morning by the King.
The worst act that Aurangzeb did to the Hindu was the reimposotion of Jizyah that was abolished by Akbar. Aurangzeb made this move with an intention of establishing a purely Islamic nation in India which meant concerting the whole inhabitants to Islam and elimination of all forms of opposition. Historians also reveal that as soon as Aurangzeb took power he fired Hindus from top positions and always favored Muslims. Aurangzeb was a courageous man who understood the steps that he made for his survival. However, his regime was not able to keep away foreign imperialism in Mughal dynasty.
Mughal had different traits as a leader on how he treated women compared to other Muslim leaders. He encouraged treatment of women with respect. During his reign, women were allowed to inherit property. Then again, women were allowed seek divorce if they liked and were not forced to marry. Other women were given political positions.
Initial Mughal leaders were ruthless. They killed human beings in order to acquire more territories and gain more wealth. Men who opposed or criticized their ruling were killed, and their women kidnapped to occupy the harem. Besides, in the Muslim society women were treated as possessions whose work was only to produce children. On the other hand, Hindu women were taken as sexual objects. Sex decisions were made by men and Hindu women did not have a say on sex matters.
Akabar the third emperor of Mughal was married to a Hindu woman known as Jodha Bai. His youthful activity was fighting and hunting. He is believed to have married three foreigners. He came up with a different regulation for women who resided in the court.
The Mughal Empire left a large significant mark on India. For instance, many buildings were built in the in the Mughal architecture. This is noted in the arts, gardens, cuisine as well as Urdhu language.