Culture of the Aboriginal Peoples of Canada
The Aboriginal inhabitants of Canada comprise of people who engage in agriculture, ceremonial architecture, societal hierarchies, games and cultural practices. The aboriginal people include the First Nation, Inuit and Metis who are believed to have originated in the 17th century. The right to self-government has assisted them in preserving their culture and traditional practices as well as believes. The main contemporary and traditional leisure activities practiced among the aboriginal youths are games and music.
The association of euro-north American recreation and leisure with the practices along with cultures of the Aboriginal inhabitants in North America has attracted the attention of many tourist researchers. Given the significance of recreation in the contemporary world, there are several suggestions that leisure is essential to the well-being as well as healthy of the aboriginal occupies. On the other hand, the political interconnections of natural resources, parks, aboriginal independence have increased tourist attraction to Canada as a leisure destination.
The games that the youths play are divided into two groups: games of dexterity and games of chance. The chance games comprise of random and guessing games that use the system of counters or dice. The most common guessing games are disguise games that necessitate some skills. An instance of a chance game is the Hand Game. This game entails watching plus evaluating the opponent for the play to be the successful. On the other hand, games of dexterity are mainly used for building skills needed for daily life. An example of such game is the bow and arrow which improves practical skills.
Then again, games are normally held by the youths in the aboriginal society as a way of entertainment. They take place during the leisure time. Although games are majorly used for entertainment purposes they are also used for the purpose of education. Games for children such as toys often emulate aspects of adult life. The skills that adults have are introduced in the games that the children play.
On the other hand, recreation is an essential part of Aboriginal values and is based on a general context. Within a general context, Aboriginal people rely on building connections, relations as well as faith. Besides, through recreation, aboriginal youth gain sense of identity, belonging, liberality as well as awareness of their association to others, the society and their country. Furthermore, recreation provides an appealing, interactive as well as an interesting setting to teach cultural principles, etiquette, history and traditional experiences, while promoting skill improvement, health living as well as community healing.
Traditionally, sport is used a device for trading, entertainment, and solving disputes. In North America aboriginal youths participate in different traditional sporting activities that improve motor growth. In addition to motor growth, sports which are used for recreation provide a chance for social gatherings and celebrations. Alternatively, the traditional sporting activities served as a way of reducing tensions among the youths. This would enhance the hunting as well as survival skills needed in life.
Moreover, the recreation practices of the aboriginal people have enabled them to preserve their cultural practices which are reflected in most the museums which are found in North America. For instance, the Buffalo Nations Museum in Banff extensively represents the aboriginal cultures. The cultural representations include socio-economic, political and social contexts.
Research conducted in different First Nations groups across Canada reveal that Aboriginal youths have a strong longing to integrate more traditional practices in their leisure activities. This activities as well as games are held to improve spiritual understanding and respect for all persons. Thus, traditional Aboriginal leisure and recreation activities that encourage cultural morals are one way that improves aboriginal cultural retention .
It should be noted that Leisure activities are an essential part of life among the Aboriginal youths. The Aboriginal individuals recognize the significance of physical, spiritual as well as emotional health. However, the recognition of leisure activities does not imply that aboriginal people neglect other parts of their lives. They balance between leisure activities and daily obligations in order to sustain their lives.
The aboriginal people and youths in particular consider that drugs such as alcohol make them more pliable. Studies reveal that drinking of alcohol and smoking of cigarettes is a major necessity of the leisure activities amongst the youths. The life style of the aboriginal youths revolves around substance abuse. Besides, bars are essential grounds for social interaction as well as participating in recreational activities. The disadvantage of using drugs for entertainment or during leisure among the aboriginal youths is that they have contributed to the increase of criminal or self-destructive cases. This has made the governmental anti-drug abuse bodies to take strict measures to reduce the use of alcohol as a way of recreation.
In conclusion, although there are other leisure and recreation ways of interest to the aboriginal people in Canada, the above stated means of recreation and leisure activities are the most common. This paper could not capture the entire recreational activities because of their extensive nature. However, traditional recreational activities like games and music represent a comprehensive summary of the recreation and leisure activities among the aboriginal people particularly the youths.