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What are adaptation of xerophyte in living in their habitats?

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Adaptation of xerophyte in living in their habitats.

  • Leaves modified to needle like structures reducing surface area for transpiration.
  • Leaf surface coated with a relatively thick and waxy cuticle.
  • Have few stomata located on lower leaf surface
  • Reversed stomatal rhythm to reduce water loss.
  • Xerophytes have flattened shoots and succulent tissue for water storage
  • Some Xerophytes have a short life cycle.
  • Xerophytes sheds their leaves at the onset of droughts to reduce water loss.
  • Some have long tap roots to draw water from deep sub-stratum
  • Folds their leaves to reduce transpiration. 
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